office

suomi-englanti sanakirja

office englannista suomeksi

  1. liikehuoneisto, toimisto, konttori

  2. toimiston väki

  3. valta

  4. virka

  5. jumalanpalvelus

  6. ministeriö

  7. toimi

  1. Substantiivi

  2. virka

  3. toimisto, virasto, konttori, liikehuoneisto, toimipaikka

  4. virasto, ministeriö

  5. Verbi

office englanniksi

  1. (label) A ceremonial duty or service|service, ''particularly'':

  2. 1535, Bible (Bible|Coverdale Bible), Book of Chronicles|1 Chron., 29:

  3. Golde (gaue he him)... for all maner of vessels of euery offyce.
  4. (label) The authorized form of ceremonial worship of a church.

  5. (label) Mass, (label) the introit sung at its beginning.

  6. 1549, "Svpper of the Lorde" in ''of Common Prayer|The Book of Common Prayer'', page 121:

  7. The office, or Introite, (as they call it).
  8. (label) Any special liturgy, as the for the Dead|Office for the Dead or of the Virgin|of the Virgin.

  9. (label) A daily service|service without the eucharist.

  10. (label) The daily service|service of the breviary, the of the hours|liturgy for each hour, including psalms, collects, and lessons.

  11. ''In the rite, all bishops, priests, and deacons are obliged to recite the Divine Office daily.''

  12. 1674, Richard Strange, ''The Life and Gests of S. Thomas Cantilupe, Bishop of Hereford'', page 287:

  13. His spirituall exercises were chiefly Prayer, the H. Sacrifice of Masse, his hours|Canonicall Houres or diuine Office.
  14. (label) Various prayers used with modification as a morning or evening service|service.

  15. (label) rites|Last rites.

  16. 1582, Bible (Bible|Rheims), of John|John, 12 (marginalia):

  17. The deuout offices of balming and anointing the dead bodies.
  18. 1618, S. Rowlands, ''Sacred Memorie'', 37:

  19. To show their loue in this last office doneTo a dead friend.
  20. 1822, Scott|Walter Scott, ''The Fortunes of Nigel'', Vol. III, Ch. xi, page 318:

  21. I... will be first to render thee the decent offices due to the dead.
  22. A position of responsibility.

  23. ''When the office of Secretary of State is vacant, its duties fall upon an official within the department.''

  24. 1611, Bible (James Version|KJV), to the Romans|Epistle to the Romans, 11:13:

  25. ...in as much as I am the Apostle of the Gentiles, I magnifie mine office...
  26. 1787, States Constitution|United States Constitution, of office of the President of the United States|Article II, §1:

  27. I do solemnly swear... that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States."
  28. Official position, particularly high employment within government; tenure in such a position.

  29. ''She held office as secretary of state until she left office to run for office.''

  30. (c.) Shakespeare|William Shakespeare & al., ''of Athens|The Life of Tymon of Athens'', Act I, Scene ii, ll. 207 f.:

  31. ''Fla.''... Well, would I wereGently put out of Office, before I were forced|forc'd out...
  32. 1923, Rose Macaulay, ''Told by an Idiot'', Act III, Scene xv, l. 227:

  33. The Tories had been in office ten years.
  34. (label) An official or group of officials; (label) a personification of officeholders.

  35. (a.) Shakespeare|William Shakespeare, ''The Tragicall Historie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke'', Act III, Scene i, ll. 1724 ff.:

  36. ...For who would beare...The pangs of despised|despiz'd loue, the lawe-'s|s delay,The insolence of office...When he himselfe might his quietas make...With a bare bodkin?
  37. (a.) Fletcher (playwright)|John Fletcher & al., ''Very Woman|A Very Woman'', Act III, Scene ii, ll. 36 ff.:

  38. ''Ped.'' Now Mr. Office:What is the Reason that your vigilant GreatnessAnd your Wife's wonderful wiseness have locked|lock'd up from meThe way to see my Mistress? Who's Dog's dead now,That you observe these Vigils?
  39. A duty, ''particularly'' owing to one's position or station; a charge, trust, or role; (label) duty.

  40. (c.) Shakespeare|William Shakespeare, ''for Measure|Measure for Measure'', Act II, Scene ii, ll. 749 ff.:

  41. ''Ang.''... Doe you your office, or up|giue vp your Place,And you shall well be spared|spar'd.
  42. 1667, Milton|John Milton, ''Lost|Paradise Lost'', Bk. ix:

  43. The sun was sunk, and after him the starHesperus, whose office is to bringTwilight upon the earth...
  44. (RQ:Fielding Tom Jones)

  45. 1811, Austen|Jane Austen, ''and Sensibility|Sense and Sensibility'', Vol. I, Ch. viii, page 87:

  46. A woman... might bring herself to submit to the offices of a nurse, for the sake of the provision and security of a wife.
  47. 1813, (w), ''(w)'', page 144:

  48. (..)there I readily engaged in the office of pointing out to my friend the certain evils of such a choice.
  49. (label) The performance of a duty; an instance of performing a duty.

  50. 1535, Bible (Bible|Coverdale), Book of Kings|1 Kings, 10:5:

  51. Whan the Quene of riche Arabia sawe all the wyszdome of Salomon... & the offyces of his ministers, and their garmentes... she wondred exceadingly.
  52. 1693, Dryden|John Dryden translating Juvenal as ''(Juvenal)|The Satires of Decimus Junius Juvenalis'', Ch. iii, page 41:

  53. At Rome (nor think me partial to the Poor)All Offices of ours are out of Door.
  54. (label) Function: anything typically done by or expected of something.

  55. 1704, Newton|Isaac Newton, ''Opticks'':

  56. In this experiment the several intervals of the teeth of the comb do the office of so many prisms.
  57. 1813, Austen|Jane Austen, ''and Prejudice|Pride and Prejudice'', Vol. I, Ch. viii, page 76:

  58. I hope you saw her petticoat, six inches deep in mud,... and the gown which had been let down to hide it, not doing its office.
  59. 1971, Needham|John Needham, ''Science and Civilisation in China'', Ch. iii, page 590:

  60. These ‘Pacific boom-lateens’... are believed to derive from a kind of sprit-sail... in which the upper sprit performs the office of a more or less aft-raking mast.
  61. (quote-book)

  62. (label) A function, (label) urination and defecation; an act of urination or defecation.

  63. (c.) Shakespeare|William Shakespeare, ''The Tragoedy of Othello, The Moore of Venice'', Act III, Scene iv, ll. 2265 ff.:

  64. ''Cassio.''... Whom I, with all the Office of my heartIntirely honour...
  65. 1613, Purchas|Samuel Purchas, ''His Pilgrimage|Purchas, His Pilgrimage'', page 623:

  66. Washing themselves, as they doe also after the offices of Nature.
  67. 1764 August 5, Garrick|David Garrick, letter:

  68. I never, since I left England, till now, have regaled|regal'd Myself with a good of office|house of Office... the holes in Germany are... too round, chiefly owing... to the broader bottoms of the Germans.
  69. 1823, Byron|Lord Byron, ''Juan (Byron)|Don Juan'', Canto XI, §xl, ll. 123 f.:

  70. The very clerks—those somewhat dirty springsOf office, or the of office|House of Office.
  71. (label) A service, a kindness.

  72. ''The secretary prevailed at the negotiations through the offices|good offices of the Freedonian ambassador.''

  73. 1575, I of England|Elizabeth I, letter:

  74. ...which we have hitherto forborne to graunt... for the evell offices whiche her other Secretary did there.
  75. (c.), Shakespeare|William Shakespeare, ''II (play)|The Life and Death of King Richard the Second'', Act II, Scene ii, ll. 1089 ff.:

  76. ''Bush.'' Thither will I with you, for little officeWill the hatefull commons perfourme for vs,Except like curs to teare vs all to pieces...
  77. 1749, Fielding|Henry Fielding, ''History of Tom Jones, a Foundling|The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling'', Book I, Ch. xiii:

  78. One of the maxims which the devil, in a late visit upon earth, left to his disciples, is, when once you are got up, to kick the stool from under you. In plain English, when you have made your fortune by the good offices of a friend, you are advised to discard him as soon as you can.
  79. 1811, Austen|Jane Austen, ''and Sensibility|Sense and Sensibility'', Vol. III, Ch. xiii, page 263:

  80. I... am sure you will be too generous to do us any ill offices.
  81. 1830, Smith|Joseph Smith, ''and Covenants|Doctrine and Covenants'' 25:5:

  82. And the office of thy calling shall be for a comfort unto my servant, Smith|Joseph Smith, Jun., thy husband, in his afflictions, with consoling words, in the spirit of meekness.
  83. 1915, Somerset Maugham|William Somerset Maugham, ''Human Bondage|Of Human Bondage'', Ch. lxx, page 359:

  84. He got her slippers and took off her boots. It delighted him to perform menial offices.
  85. (label) information|Inside information.

  86. 1803, ''Sporting Magazine'', No. 21, page 327:

  87. Giving the office—is when you suffer any person, who may stand behind your chair, to look over your hand.
  88. A room, set of rooms, or building used for non-work, ''particularly'':

  89. ''The office of the Secretary of State is cleaned when it is vacant.''

  90. 1611, Bible (James Version|KJV), Book of Chronicles|2 Chron., 24:11:

  91. Now it came to passe that at what time the chest was brought vnto the king-'s|s office, by the hand of the Leuites...
  92. 1885, ''The Law Times Reports'', No. 53, page 459:

  93. Griffith, having taken offices a few doors off, also carried on the business of a solicitor.
  94. 1898, Churchill (novelist)|Winston Churchill, ''Celebrity|The Celebrity'', Ch. 2:

  95. We drove back to the office with some concern on my part at the prospect of so large a case.
  96. 1945, Mencken|H.L. Mencken, ''The American Language'', Supplement Vol. I, page 503:

  97. An English lawyer, whether ''barrister'' or ''solicitor'', never has an office, but always ''chambers''.
  98. 2013 August 3, "Revenge of the Nerds" in ''Economist|The Economist'', No. 408:

  99. Think of banking today and the image is of grey-suited men in towering skyscrapers. Its future, however, is being shaped in converted warehouses and funky offices in San Francisco, New York, and London, where bright young things in jeans and T-shirts huddle around laptops, sipping lattes or munching on free food.
  100. A room, set of rooms, or building used for administration and bookkeeping.

  101. 1849, Thackeray|William Thackeray, ''Pendennis'', Vol. I, Ch. xxxvi, page 347:

  102. The ‘Pall Mall Gazette’ had its offices... in Catherine Street.
  103. A room, set of rooms, or building used for selling services or tickets to the public.

  104. 1819 September 22, Keats|John Keats, letter to Reynolds:

  105. There will be some of the family waiting for you at the coach-office.
  106. (label) A room, set of rooms, or building used for consultation and diagnosis, but not surgery or other major procedures.

  107. 1975, M. Duke, ''Death of Holy Murderer'', Ch. viii, page 108:

  108. This one was made out at a private officeOffice is American for Surgery.
  109. (label) The staff of such places.

  110. ''The whole office was there... well, except you, of course.''

  111. (label) The administrative departments housed in such places, ''particularly'':

  112. ''He's from our public relations office.''

  113. (label) A ministry or other department of government.

  114. ''The secretary of state's British colleague heads the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.''

  115. (label) ''Short for'' Office|Holy Office: the court of final appeal in cases of heresy.

  116. 1642, J. Howell, ''Forraine Travell'', Ch. x, page 131:

  117. A Biscayner is capable to be a Cavalier of any of the three habits without any scrutiny to be made of the Office, whether he be, ''(l) de la (l) de los (l)'', that is cleare of the bloud of the Moores or no.
  118. 1658, ''Pilgrim's Book'', page 3:

  119. They abiured their Heresy bublikly ''sic'' before the Commissary of the holy office.
  120. A particular of business of a larger white-collar business.

  121. ''He worked as the receptionist at the Akron office.''

  122. 1647, W. Bridge, ''Saints Hiding-place'', page 17:

  123. But there is an Insuring-Office set up in the Gospel, as to the venture of our eternities.
  124. 1732, Franklin|Benjamin Franklin, "Proposals & Queries to be Asked the Junto":

  125. Would not an Office of Insurance for Servants be of Service, and what Methods are proper for the erecting such an Office?
  126. 1816, Austen|Jane Austen, ''(novel)|Emma'', Vol. II, Ch. xvii, page 324:

  127. There are advertising offices, and... by applying to them I should have no doubt of very soon meeting with something that would do.
  128. 1861, Dickens|Charles Dickens, ''Expectations|Great Expectations'', Vol. II, Ch. xii, page 204:

  129. A large Danish sun or star hanging round his neck by a blue ribbon... had given him the appearance of being insured in some extraordinary Fire Office.
  130. The parts of a house or estate devoted to work and storage, as the kitchen, scullery, laundry, stables, etc., ''particularly'' (label) a house or estate's facilities for urination and defecation: outhouses or lavatories.

  131. 1720, William Willymott translating Bacon|Francis Bacon as "Of Building" in https://books.google.co.jp/books?id=8y4CAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover ''Lord Bacons Essays'', Vol. I, page 283:

  132. As for the (smallcaps), let them stand at some Distance from the House, with some low covered Galleries, to pass from them to the Palace it self.
  133. 1727, "The Grand Mystery":

  134. ... proposals for erecting 500 Publick of ease|Offices of Ease in London and Westminster...
  135. 1887, (w), ''(w)'', Ch. iii:

  136. A short passage, bare planked and dusty, led to the kitchen and offices.
  137. 1957, Emyr Estyn Evans, ''Irish Folk Ways'', Ch. viii, page 112:

  138. Only in planted areas does one find old examples of planned ‘courtyard farms’ where the house and offices enclose a square or rectangular yard.
  139. 1957, John Braine, ''Room at Top'', Ch. i, page 13:

  140. The bathroom's to the right and the offices|usual offices next to it.
  141. 1980, Golding|William Golding, ''Rites of Passage'', Ch. i, page 6:

  142. Aft of the lobby... is the dining saloon for the passengers with the offices of necessity on either side of it.
  143. (label) (clipping of): an inquest undertaken on occasions when the Crown claimed the right of possession to land or property.

  144. 1768, Blackstone|William Blackstone, ''Commentaries on the Laws of England'', Vol. III, page 259:

  145. If they find the treason or felony... of the party accused... the king is thereupon, by virtue of this office found, intitled to have his forfeitures.
  146. 1977, John McDonald Burke, ''Jowitt's Dictionary of English Law'', Vol. I, page 280:

  147. If the Crown claimed the land of an idiot, the person had first to be found an idiot by office.
  148. (label) A piece of land used for hunting; the area of land overseen by a gamekeeper.

  149. (label) A hangout: a place where one is normally found.

  150. 1699, ''A New Dictionary of the Terms Ancient and Modern of the Canting Crew'':

  151. ''His Office'', any Man's ordinary Haunt, or Plying-place, be it Tavern, Ale-house, Gaming-house.
  152. (label) A plane's cockpit, ''particularly'' an observer's cockpit.

  153. 1917, Bott|Alan Bott, ''An Airman's Outings'', page 161:

  154. I withdraw into ‘the office’, otherwise the observer's cockpit.
  155. 1941 March 24, ''Life (magazine)|Life'', page 85:

  156. In the slang of the Royal Air Force man, the cockpit of his plane is the ‘pulpit’ or ‘office’, the glass covering over it the ‘greenhouse’.
  157. 1966 May 13, ''Statesman|New Statesman'', page 687

  158. ‘Up in the office they too knew it.’ ‘The office? You mean the flight deck?’ ‘Just that. No more. No less. The office.’
  159. (label) A collection of business software typically including a processor and spreadsheet and slideshow programs.

  160. To provide (someone) with an office.

  161. Is he officed in Congressional Relations or is he officed in SCA?
    Prior to that time, Station personnel were first officed in temporary wartime barracks on the campus and then on the second floor of the Journalism Building.
  162. To have an office.

  163. {{quote-journal|en|date=December 2, 1988|author=Grant Pick|title=He Survived Operation Greylord|work=Chicago Reader|url=http://www.chicagoreader.com/chicago/he-survived-operation-greylord/Content?oid=873095

  164. charge, task, mandate

  165. administrative bureau, department

  166. religious service, notably liturgical office

  167. place where a household's table (food and drink)-related services are conducted, especially by domestic staff

  168. (ux)

  169. (inflection of)

  170. The state of being employed or having a work or job; employment:

  171. Ecclesiastical or religious work; a church career.

  172. Unskilled work; any work that is unimportant or base.

  173. A position of responsibility or control; a crucial occupation:

  174. (c.) ''St. Thomas Becket'', ll. 244 ff.

  175. Þis holi Man was i-torned...To a gret office of þe world.
  176. A clerical or church post or position; an religious (l).

  177. A governmental or administrative position or post; a political (l).

  178. (c.) ''St. Thomas Becket'', ll. 223 ff.

  179. He cam to court and was in guod offizWith þe erchebischop of Kaunterburi.
  180. The situation, status, or rank one has in the wider world or within society.

  181. A task, chore or assignment, especially one which is important or required; an obligation:

  182. (c.) ''Lai le Freine'':

  183. Þe porter of þe abbay... dede his ofice in þe clos.
  184. The role, purpose, or intended use or utility of something (especially a bodily part).

  185. (c.) Chaucer|Geoffrey Chaucer translating Boethius as ''(Chaucer)|Boece'':

  186. Sche say me... withouten office of tunge and al dowmb.
  187. (c.) Gower|John Gower, ''Amantis|Confessio Amantis'', Book VII, ll. 467 ff.:

  188. As it is in Phisique writeOf livere, of lunge, of galle, of splen,Thei alle unto the herte ben Servantz, and ech in his officeEntendeth to don him service.
  189. (c.) Chaucer|Geoffrey Chaucer, "The Tale of the Wyf of Bathe" in ''Canterbury Tales|Tales of Caunterbury'', ll. 127 ff.:

  190. Membres of generacioun... maked been for bothe;That is to seye, for office and for eseOf engendrure.
  191. A task or function that one organ does to assist another or the body as a whole.

  192. 1340, ''Ayenbite'':

  193. Þe mouþ heþ tuo offices, huer-of þe on belongeþ to þe zuelȝ...Þe oþer zuo is in speche.
  194. A religious ceremony or ritual; a task performed for religious reasons.

  195. (a.) ''Arthour & Merlin'', ll. 2758 ff.:

  196. Þe holy bischop...For him dede þe office;In erþe he was sikerlicheLayd swiþe nobeliche.
  197. The beginning or the initial portion of the Eucharist.

  198. (c.) ''St. Thomas Becket'', ll. 942 ff.:

  199. He song þulke masse ilome, for al-so heo bi-ginnezÞe furste offiz is propre inov to þe stat þat he was Inne.
  200. A core human faculty (gloss)

  201. A part, faculty, or division of a larger body:

  202. A part of a house or estate devoted to manual work and storage.

  203. (a.) petition, P.R.O. 117, 5842:

  204. ... Abbeyes, Priories, hospitals, chaunteries and chappels, chaces, parkes, offices, milnes, weres...
  205. A part or subdivision of an estate devoted to a specified function.

  206. A part or subdivision of a government devoted to a specified function.

  207. 1435, petition, P.R.O. 130, 6460A:

  208. John Duc of Bedford... Admirall of England in the office of þe admiralte in the Countees of Kent, Sussex...
  209. An inquest undertaken to investigate the possession of land or property.

  210. 1432, petition, P.R.O. 26, 1259:

  211. Of the whiche Maner the seyd Oratrice... be an Offyce was put out.
  212. The intended or ideal working or operation of something.

  213. An officeholder invested with powers and authority.

  214. (c.) Stephen Scrope translating Christine de Pisan as ''The Epistle of Othea'', page 85:

  215. He pleide so sweetly þat... alle þe helly offices lefte there besinesses.
  216. A building or structure used for business purposes; an office.

  217. (c.) Chaucer|Geoffrey Chaucer, "The Friar's Tale|The Freres Tale" in ''Tales|Tales of Caunterbury'':

  218. ...I wol han .xij. pens, though that she be wood,Or I wol sompne hir vn to our office...
  219. 1440, ''Promptorium Parvulorum'', page 363:

  220. Offyce, or place of offyce, ''(l)''.
  221. The process or undertaking of a task or assignment.

  222. (c.) ''The Romance of Sir Beues of Hamtoun'', ll. 3555 ff.:

  223. While Beues was in þat office,Þe kinges sone...A ȝede to Beves stable.
  224. The activities typical of and concomitant to one's place in society.

  225. A favour; a beneficial deed or act.

  226. (quote-book) |chapter=(w) 9:12|passage= For the mynyſtrie of this office not oneli fillith tho thingis that failen to holi men, but alſo multiplieth many thankyngis to God.|translation=The administering of this favour isn't just fulfilling the duties that the faithful fail at; it's also producing many thanks to God.
  227. (alt form)

  228. (l)

  229. (quote-book)|publisher=Le Don Balleine, L'Office du Jèrriais|title=Mêfie-té des Monstres: Tchiques légendes dé Jèrri|isbn=978-0-9566289-0-9|passage=L'Office du Jèrriais|translation=The Office of Jèrriais

  230. (l) (gloss)

  231. service