incumbent englannista suomeksi
istuva, virassa oleva
December 22 1678, (w), ''A Sermon Preached before the King at White-Hall''
- all men truly Zelous , will (..)endeavor to perform the first kind of good Works alwaies; those, I mean, that are incumbent on all Christians
Lying; resting; reclining; recumbent.
- to move the incumbent load they try
Resting on something else; in botany, said of anthers when lying on the inner side of the filament, or of cotyledons when the radicle lies against the back of one of them(R:Gray Firs)
Bent downwards so that the ends touch, or rest on, something else.
Being the current holder of an office or a title.
2012, ''The Economist'', October 6, 2012 issue, ''The first presidential debate: Back in the centre, back in the game''
- Mr Obama’s problems were partly structural. An incumbent must defend the realities and compromises of government, while a challenger is freer to promise the earth, details to follow. Mr Obama’s odd solution was to play both incumbent and challenger, jumping from a defence of his record to indignation at such ills as over-crowded classrooms and tax breaks for big oil companies.
A holder of a position as supplier to a market or market segment that allows the holder to earn above-normal profits.
- American capitalism is becoming like its European cousin: established firms with the scale and scope to deal with a growing thicket of regulations are doing well, but new companies are withering on the vine or selling themselves to incumbents.