Of or pertaining to; (non-gloss definition). (qualifier) is used instead.
(non-gloss definition). (qualifier)
Rome : Roman
puhekieltä his, hers, its
(m), from (suffix)(m), from (suffix)
(obsolete form of)
puhekieltä Forms the impersonal indicative present forms of verbs that include back vowels (a, o or u or i or e with a, o or u — compare -än), appended to the infinitive.
No changes in verbs that end in one a.
juosta + -an -> juostaan
Verbs ending in -oa the beginning stem is followed by -ta- and then by this.
sanoa, stem sano- + -ta- + -an -> sanotaan
Verbs ending in -aa or -ea the beginning stem is followed by -eta- and then by this.
laittaa, stem lait- + -eta- + -an -> laitetaan
paistaa, stem paist- + -eta- + -an -> paistetaan
(case suffix) A suffix variant for the illative singular, see -Vn.
laskea, stem lask- + -eta- + -an -> lasketaan
puhekieltä A variant for the third-person suffix -nsa, see the usage notes below.
laiva boat (word includes back vowels, a — cf. -än) -> + -an = laivaan (on)to a/the boat; (in)to a/the boat
puhekieltä Added to an adjective or numeral to create an adverb.
(m) → (m)
(m) → Hatan mentünk moziba. - Six of us went to the cinema.
puhekieltä Added to a stem - often an onomatopoeias - to form a verb expressing an instantaneous action.
(m) → Nyolcan vannak a szobában. - There are eight people in the room.
Suffix for collectivity
Suffix for similarity
Suffix for object
Suffix for place
Suffix for instrument
puhekieltä used to form the infinitive of most verbs (exceptions are verbs like (m))
(l) + -an = (l)
puhekieltä Used to derive nouns from class 2 weak verbs.
puhekieltä used to form the infinitive of strong verbs (exceptions are a few verbs ending in -ian like biddian or liggian)
drinkan drinkan "to drink"
hwerƀan hwerƀan "to travel"
A masculine suffix used to form nouns meaning a smaller form of something, often used for male given names.
(m), (m), (m), (m)
Used to form regular plurals of nouns.
(m), (m), (m)
Suffix indicating the third-person plural present indicative of -ar verbs.
(m) + (m) → (m)
Suffix indicating the third-person plural present subjunctive of -er and -ir verbs.
Suffix indicating the third-person plural imperative of -er and -ir verbs.
making a noun from a verb, similar to (m) and (m), having -ningar as the plural, e.g. (m) → (m)
(l); making a noun, describing a person by belief or nationality, e.g. (m) → (m), (m), (m)
actor trigger: to do something to a person or a thing
Buksan mo ang pinto.
object trigger: to cause something to become; to make
(You) open the door. (You is focused).
Binagalan ni Sue ang kotse.
directional trigger: to do something in the (physical or psychological) direction of
Sue slowed down the car. (The car is focused).
Tinitingnan ko ang manwal.
benefactive trigger: to do something for
I'm looking at the manual. (The manual is focused).
Titirhan ko si Roy ng keyk.
object trigger: (with root word reduplication) to do something occasionally, at random, a little, a bit, now and then or here and there
I'll leave some cake for Roy. (Roy is focused).
Winawalis-walisan; ko ang sahig.''
directional trigger: (with root word reduplication) to do something in the (physical or psychological) direction of, occasionally, at random, a little, a bit, now and then or here and there
I'm sweeping the floor a bit. (The floor is focused).
Tinutulung-tulungan ni Jessy si Patty.
a place where a large quantity of the thing meant by the root is put, planted, or can be found
Jessy helped Patty a bit. (Patty is focused).
aklat (book) + -an = aklatan (library)
a place where the action expressed by the root is performed
basura (trash) + -an = basurahan (trash can)
a period in which the action expressed by the root is collectively performed
kain (eat) + -an = kainan (place where people eat e.g. restaurant, café,...)
ani (harvest) + -an = anihan (harvest time)
a tool or an object that is used to measure what is meant by the root
pasok (entry, class, work) + -an = pasukan (school time, school year)
oras (time) + -an = orasan (clock, watch)
reciprocal or joint performance of the action expressed by the root
timbang (weight) + -an = timbangan (weighing scale)
sayaw (dance) + -an = sayawan (dancing together)
kanta (sing) + -an = kantahan (singing together)