-an

-an

  1. a-loppuisten sanojen yksikön illatiivin sijapääte

  2. possessiivisuffiksi -nsa-liitteen muunnos, kts. huomautukset

Esimerkkejä -an sanan käytöstä:

laiva + '-an' = laivaan

Liittyvät sanat: -annoksinen.

Käännökset

englanti Of or pertaining to; (non-gloss definition). (qualifier) is used instead.

Rome : Roman

(non-gloss definition). (qualifier)

(m), from (suffix)(m), from (suffix)

puhekieltä his, hers, its
(non-gloss definition)
(obsolete form of)
puhekieltä Forms the impersonal indicative present forms of verbs that include back vowels (a, o or u or i or e with a, o or u — compare -än), appended to the infinitive.

No changes in verbs that end in one a.

juosta + -an -> juostaan

Verbs ending in -oa the beginning stem is followed by -ta- and then by this.

sanoa, stem sano- + -ta- + -an -> sanotaan

Verbs ending in -aa or -ea the beginning stem is followed by -eta- and then by this.

laittaa, stem lait- + -eta- + -an -> laitetaan

paistaa, stem paist- + -eta- + -an -> paistetaan

laskea, stem lask- + -eta- + -an -> lasketaan

(case suffix) A suffix variant for the illative singular, see -Vn.

laiva boat (word includes back vowels, a — cf. -än) -> + -an = laivaan (on)to a/the boat; (in)to a/the boat

puhekieltä A variant for the third-person suffix -nsa, see the usage notes below.
puhekieltä Added to an adjective or numeral to create an adverb.

(m)(m)

(m)Hatan mentünk moziba. - Six of us went to the cinema.

(m)Nyolcan vannak a szobában. - There are eight people in the room.

puhekieltä Added to a stem - often an onomatopoeias - to form a verb expressing an instantaneous action.

(m)

Suffix for collectivity
Suffix for similarity
Suffix for object
Suffix for place
Suffix for instrument

(l) + -an = (l)

puhekieltä used to form the infinitive of most verbs (exceptions are verbs like (m))
puhekieltä Used to derive nouns from class 2 weak verbs.

(suffixusex)

puhekieltä used to form the infinitive of strong verbs (exceptions are a few verbs ending in -ian like biddian or liggian)

drinkan drinkan "to drink"

hwerƀan hwerƀan "to travel"

(n-g)
(n-g) (l)
A masculine suffix used to form nouns meaning a smaller form of something, often used for male given names.

(m), (m), (m), (m)

(m), (m), (m)

Used to form regular plurals of nouns.

(m) + (m)(m)

Suffix indicating the third-person plural present indicative of -ar verbs.
Suffix indicating the third-person plural present subjunctive of -er and -ir verbs.
Suffix indicating the third-person plural imperative of -er and -ir verbs.
making a noun from a verb, similar to (m) and (m), having -ningar as the plural, e.g. (m)(m)
(l); making a noun, describing a person by belief or nationality, e.g. (m)(m), (m), (m)
actor trigger: to do something to a person or a thing

Buksan mo ang pinto.

(You) open the door. (You is focused).

object trigger: to cause something to become; to make

Binagalan ni Sue ang kotse.

Sue slowed down the car. (The car is focused).

directional trigger: to do something in the (physical or psychological) direction of

Tinitingnan ko ang manwal.

I'm looking at the manual. (The manual is focused).

benefactive trigger: to do something for

Titirhan ko si Roy ng keyk.

I'll leave some cake for Roy. (Roy is focused).

object trigger: (with root word reduplication) to do something occasionally, at random, a little, a bit, now and then or here and there

Winawalis-walisan; ko ang sahig.''

I'm sweeping the floor a bit. (The floor is focused).

directional trigger: (with root word reduplication) to do something in the (physical or psychological) direction of, occasionally, at random, a little, a bit, now and then or here and there

Tinutulung-tulungan ni Jessy si Patty.

Jessy helped Patty a bit. (Patty is focused).

a place where a large quantity of the thing meant by the root is put, planted, or can be found

aklat (book) + -an = aklatan (library)

basura (trash) + -an = basurahan (trash can)

a place where the action expressed by the root is performed

kain (eat) + -an = kainan (place where people eat e.g. restaurant, café,...)

a period in which the action expressed by the root is collectively performed

ani (harvest) + -an = anihan (harvest time)

pasok (entry, class, work) + -an = pasukan (school time, school year)

a tool or an object that is used to measure what is meant by the root

oras (time) + -an = orasan (clock, watch)

timbang (weight) + -an = timbangan (weighing scale)

reciprocal or joint performance of the action expressed by the root

sayaw (dance) + -an = sayawan (dancing together)

kanta (sing) + -an = kantahan (singing together)

Riimisanakirja

-an rimmaa näiden kanssa:

oikeaan, takaoikeaan, etuoikeaan, ennen vanhaan, harhaan, turhaan, kaikkiaan, kerta kaikkiaan, kaiken kaikkiaan, omiaan

Lisää riimejä

Läheisiä sanoja

-akselinen, -alkuinen, -aloitteinen, -alueinen, -annoksinen, -arominen